What’s next? What are the forces that will be influencing workplace design in the coming years? The paradigms are shifting. How can we stay ahead of the curve? These days, any conversation with designers and clients keeps coming back to this same concern: “What are the most important challenges facing the office design market and how do we plan for the future?”
Today, clients are demanding that office space be more than merely a place to sit and work. It must be a place where people can perform more efficiently, more flexibly and more productively. It must also be a place in tune with today’s work styles, technology and a new generation of workers. What’s more, it must be a place where workers have choices.
One of the most critical challenges in the design market today is improving both productivity and the employee experience. A recent survey estimated that 72 percent of employees are sleepwalking through the day. An environment that stimulates them even a little more makes them more engaged in their work, and can therefore have a significant impact on improving productivity and reducing presenteeism.
After salaries, the biggest expense most companies have is real estate, closely followed by IT. That is why it is so critical to clients—and designers—to improve the way space is utilized. We’re not just talking about reducing square footage, but rather, about helping clients make better, smarter use of the space they currently have, and allowing companies to accommodate future growth without taking additional real estate. Businesses are looking to reduce their risk and optimize their real estate portfolios with the right space, in the right buildings, in the right locations.
Another design challenge is branding. Companies want their spaces to reflect and contribute to their image and brand. This doesn’t just mean their external image to their customers and shareholders, but also (and just as importantly) how they are seen internally by their own employees. Whether a company intends it to or not, its office environment says exactly what kind of company they are. Cutting-edge? Up to date? Square? Hip? Stodgy? Indifferent? Caring? The right design can ensure a company’s office space says the right things.
Clients are also challenging designers to create flexible
spaces to meet the current and future needs of the organization. Indeed, not too long ago, the corporate real estate mantra was “location, location, location.” These days, location is still critical, but flexibility has become the number one consideration for clients when developing their corporate real estate strategy.
Creating a sense of place is another new challenge for today’s designers. Employees are truly untethered and can work anytime, anywhere. Many companies are challenged with designing a compelling space, one that their staffs want to come to everyday. This newfound freedom is due almost entirely to technology.
Integrating the impact of technology is essential to anyone designing workspaces today. As IT continues to evolve at an exponential rate, keeping up with the latest trends and incorporating them into the workspace is a constant challenge.
There’s also a renewed emphasis on sustainability, and a desire to employ “common sense” solutions in lieu of chasing points. The Living Building Challenge, for example, provides a framework for design, construction and the symbiotic relationship between people and all aspects of the built environment. It also calls for ambitious standards for carbon equivalent footprints, which measure not just carbon emissions, but other greenhouse gasses that contribute to climate change. The Health Product Declaration calls for even more transparencies in chemicals of concern.
As if all this weren’t enough, there’s the macro question of how companies—our clients—manage all this change.
PARADIGM SHIFT #1
“The only thing constant is change. It is inevitable, so embrace it. Because change is inevitable, opportunity is inevitable, too.”
the forces of change
As designers, perhaps the best news we could hear is that the world is changing—and at a faster and faster pace. This is not a problem for us, but rather an amazing opportunity. To take advantage of that opportunity, it is imperative that we remind our clients that we are not designing the office of the past. We are not even designing the office of today. We are designing the office of the future. And that future will be driven by many complex and interrelated factors.
Take globalization, for example. Boundaries are disappearing and companies are operating everywhere. Even companies that are not themselves global are being impacted by global trends. One trend is benching systems designed to provide clients with various levels of mobility and collaboration. But beware: just because something works in one part of the world doesn’t mean it’s applicable in other regions. We must respect the cultural differences of each region and weigh them when deciding what may or may not work for us.
Recent economic volatility has caused companies to seek maximum strategic return on everything they spend. How does your design vision translate into productivity? Demographics are another complex factor to consider. A glance around almost any office will reveal the tremendous impact of changing demographics. With more diverse workforces than ever before, better ways need to be found to manage different styles of working and interacting.
We have four generations of workers today, ranging from Digital Natives to Digital Immigrants to Digital Nomads. We are also seeing more women advancing to senior leadership positions and a greater ethnic mix in the workplace. All these factors open us up to more opportunities but also have their challenges.
The entire vision of what a building is and how we work has changed, too. Today, as companies are driving to create more innovative and productive environments, they must also be concerned with employee well-being and engagement. After all, a happy, healthy, empowered and engaged employee will be more productive than an unhappy, disconnected, sickly or disgruntled one any day of the week.
Design today must focus on making the environment more active for the end-user. That leads to employees being healthier and more invigorated, which in turn makes them more productive. And that impacts our clients’ bottom line.
the speed of change
To manage change properly we have to understand that not everything in the world changes at the same pace. A building is revitalized approximately every 40 years. The workplace changes about every 10 years, based on the length of a typical lease. The workforce is in transition every 5 years. Business changes every 3 years. (To put this in perspective, a very short time ago there were no Internet search engines, as we know them. We can all easily remember a time before social media, and our smartphones and touchscreen tablets are even more recent.) Yet many companies are working in offices designed 25 years ago.
Today technology changes every 6 months, and even that pace is accelerating. Imagine your IT people installing a system and saying, “See you in 10 years.” That’s what has been happening with workplace design. When the workspace doesn’t change and becomes static while everything around it is evolving, then the workspace quickly becomes out-of-date, its relevance drops and radical change is necessary when it is finally redesigned. If we want space to be the powerful business tool we know it can be, it needs to be dynamic, agile and adaptable. We need to design it to evolve over time, just as everything else is.
PARADIGM SHIFT #2
“The design process should be as continual as the changes in the workplace. It should be an evolution, not revolution.”
If we are to design spaces that can truly evolve, we need to keep our fingers on the pulse of the most important workplace trends. The 12 most important issues impacting the workplace today are:
- Improving productivity through employee engagement. As we have seen, this means getting employees to engage, keeping them active, getting them moving and giving them stimulating environments.
- Creating a balance of open and private spaces. This is about identifying your client’s DNA and giving them the environment that best suits their culture, demographic, regional influences, work styles, industry and organizational structure.
- Remembering it’s all about the experience. It’s not just about the space or the tools. It’s about how all of it combines to deliver a great work experience.
- Improving space utilization. We need to use the space we have more intelligently and, if possible, reduce it.
- Creating engaging, branded spaces that reflect a company’s core values, cultures and ideals.
- Providing flexible spaces and options for work. This is a case of one-size-misfits-all. We need to design environments with a variety of settings that empower employees to pick the right setting to accomplish the task at hand.
- Integrating technology into the space and allowing for future evolution.
- Being sustainable. More and more, this is about using common sense and doing the right thing than it is about catching points.
- Managing change through evolving space. If the space is static, it’s not a powerful business tool. We need to design spaces to be agile.
- Improving the occupants’ well-being.
- Utilizing evidence-based design. This means really looking at what people are doing and creating a solution that meets the needs of the users, regardless of what benchmarking or trends are telling you.
- Understanding that we are human. This is the most important factor to consider. There’s been so much focus on technology and sustainability, but we must remember that, ultimately, we’re designing spaces for people. And at the end of the day, they are both our greatest expense and our greatest asset.
PARADIGM SHIFT #3
“The most flexible thing in any space isn’t the wall or the furniture. It’s the people.”
Everybody wants flexibility. And it’s certainly important that things like the walls and the furniture be designed to be flexible. But the most flexible thing in any office is the people. Consider for a moment the modern workday:
- An employee arrives at the office and drops off his or her coat
- They grab a cup of coffee in the pantry and catch up with some of their peers
- On the way to their desk, they check their phone for messages
- They settle into their workstation and check some emails
- They pop into their boss’ office for a quick face-to-face
- On the way back, they bump into a colleague and have a quick exchange
- Then it’s off to a dedicated room for a conference call with the international team or a client
- At noon, it’s off to the deli to grab a lunch with a teammate and then they run a quick errand
- After lunch, it’s back at the workstation to scan emails and prepare a report
- Then it’s off to a meeting with the Productive Development Team
- Then the team gets together in a war room to prepare for a meeting the following day
- And at the end of day, there’s a social hour in the common area
People are on the go, so designing for this kind of contemporary workday is different than in the past. We are no longer sitting in one place all day. We need to create task-oriented solutions that encourage movement and empower people to select the right space for the task at hand. This is activity-based design.
Instead of designing a space as if it were a one-room efficiency apartment where you sit in one place all day, this concept gives people options and choices based on the various activities of their workday. It’s the idea of different spaces for different functions, the way a house has a room for cooking, dining, sleeping, etc.