California Mandates LEED for State Buildings


California Mandates LEED for State Buildings

California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger has signed an executive order requiring increased energy efficiency for state-owned buildings and encouraging cities, counties and private businesses to reduce their energy use. Gov. Schwarzenegger stated a goal of reducing electricity used in existing government and private commercial buildings by 10 percent per square foot by 2010 and 20 percent per square foot by 2015. He also mandated that all new and renovated buildings paid for with state funds be certified as Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Silver standard or higher, and that office spaces and office equipment leased or purchased by the state be ENERGY STAR-qualified when cost-effective.

In step with the governor's executive order, San Francisco has adopted a Green Building Ordinance, which requires that all new projects, including city-owned facilities and leaseholds, achieve a LEED Silver certification from the USGBC. San Francisco joins nine other cities that have adopted green building ordinances requiring LEED.

Under the San Francisco ordinance, municipal buildings will need to follow green building design principles, which will help to create healthy workplaces, increase energy productivity, protect the environment and save the city millions in funds. "This Green Building Ordinance will translate into millions in savings on future operational costs for new city buildings. The ordinance is good for the city, and will help improve the health of our environment and the well-being of the thousands of employees that continue to provide services for this community," explains Jared Blumenfeld, director of the San Francisco Department of the Environment.

Shaw Runs Last PVC Backing

Shaw Industries Inc. recently ran its last production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) carpet backing. The PVC production line will be replaced with new tile manufacturing equipment designed to increase capacity while decreasing energy consumption. Additional recycling capacity also will be added to the facility.

The backing for Shaw's PVC tile products will be replaced with EcoWorx, a cradle-to-cradle product that can be sustainably recycled, has less embodied energy than traditional PVC carpet tiles, and maintains equal or greater performance. Since introduced in 1999, customers have self-selected EcoWorx over PVC backing,
driving the new technology to more than 80 percent of Shaw's total carpet tile production today.

New recycling equipment is being installed that can break down EcoWorx into its original components through an elutriation process. This material will be reassembled into new product at the tile manufacturing facility. The new equipment will prepare Shaw for the large volumes of post-consumer tile that will begin to flow back to its buildings as it reaches the end of its useful life. Shaw encourages customers to recycle by offering the benefit of an environmental guarantee on its EcoWorx products—this ensures Shaw will pick up EcoWorx after use, at no charge to the customer, and recycle it into more EcoWorx.

The capacity of the elutriation system will initially allow Shaw to recycle 1.8 million square yards of carpet per year. This equipment will enable the company to separate a single pass, and meet the anticipated future growth capacity requirement of returned post-consumer material over the next five to 10 years.

New GreenSpec Directory Reflects Changes

The newly released fifth edition of the widely used GreenSpec® Directory of
environmentally preferable building products and materials
reflects significant changes as a result of tightened criteria. The 464-page directory includes more than 1,850 product listings that designers, builders and building owners can use in identifying products that can improve the environmental performance of their buildings. More than 200 product listings have been added since the fourth edition came out, while about 100 were dropped. Products may be dropped because they have been discontinued, because the manufacturing has changed (reduced recycled content, for example) or because the GreenSpec criteria have been tightened so the lowest-performing products are removed.

One of the big changes with the fifth edition of GreenSpec deals with toilets. To be listed in GreenSpec, toilets must evacuate at least 65 grams of solid waste per liter of flush water, as tested under the MaP protocol. This performance standard, rounded to the nearest 50-gram increment, amounts to a minimum of 400 grams for 6-liter (1.6
gallon-per-flush) toilets and 250 grams for 4-liter (1 gpf) toilets. Special calculations are used for dual-flush toilets.

In some GreenSpec categories, thresholds for volatile organic compound (VOC) levels have been significantly tightened. An interior paint, for example, can have a VOC level no higher than 50 grams per liter to be listed in GreenSpec—significantly lower than the tightest air pollution regulations, even in California.

The criteria used for screening products for GreenSpec have been refined over more than 10 years by the editors of Environmental Building News. These criteria are published in the new fifth edition, and they can be downloaded from the Web site in the periodically updated article, "What Makes a Product Green?"

For more information on GreenSpec, visit www.Green, e-mail info@Building, or call (800) 861-0954 (outside the U.S. and Canada, call 802-257-7300).

EPA Awards Honeywell Project of the Year

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency recently awarded the Landfill Methane Outreach Program (LMOP) "Project of the Year" award for 2004 to Honeywell for an innovative landfill gas recovery initiative. The award was presented to Honeywell, in partnership with Enerdyne Power Systems and Waste Management, Inc., during the LMOP Conference in Baltimore, MD.

In 2002, Honeywell, Enerdyne and Waste Management teamed up to construct a 23-mile pipeline from the WMI Atlantic Waste landfill in Waverly, VA, to the Honeywell Nylon plant in Hopewell, VA. When the pipeline was completed in January 2004, it began flowing methane-rich landfill gas (LFG) from the Waverly site to the Honeywell plant, reducing the site's demand for natural gas fuel by 15 percent. Consuming LFG also minimizes or eliminates flaring of gas at the landfill site, reducing the region's air emissions of CO2, a greenhouse gas.

"The reduction in CO2 air emissions over the life of the landfill, for example, is equivalent to planting 5,544 square miles of trees and saving 1.2 billion gallons of oil," says Keith Togna, site energy leader for the Honeywell Hopewell plant. The Honeywell Hopewell plant, which began operations in 1915 as a munitions facility, is now the world's largest single-site producer of caprolactam and ammonium sulfate.

Caprolactam is the primary feedstock in the production of nylon polymer used in carpet fibers, plastics and films. Ammonium sulfate is used in fertilizer applications. The Hopewell site, located about 20 miles southeast of Richmond, VA, employs 750
people and produces 6.8 billion pounds of materials annually.

    Five inspiring keynote presentations have been slated for EnvironDesign9 that examine the diverse scope of environmental concerns. Each keynote has been carefully selected to present not only big-picture thinking on critical issues, but also a targeted view of specific strategies and the importance of individual actions.

    Wednesday, April 20
    7:15 p.m.

    Reclaiming Higher Ground:
    The New Story of Leadership

    Dr. Lance Secretan, pathfinder, missionary, author

    Thursday, April 21
    8 a.m.

    Design for the Circular Economy:
    Cradle-to-Cradle in China and Europe

    William McDonough and Michael Braungart,
    co-founders, McDonough Braungart Design Chemistry

    Thursday, April 21
    2:15 p.m.

    The Power of Example
    Deirdre Imus, founder, The Deirdre Imus Environmental Center for Pediatraic

    Oncology; founder and co-director, The Imus Ranch

    Friday, April 22
    8 a.m.

    Greening the New York City Skyscape:
    A Conversation with Leslie Hoffman
    and Robert Fox, AIA

    Leslie Hoffman, executive director, Earth PledgeRobert Fox, co-founder and partner, Cook + Fox Architects

    Friday, April 22
    2:30 p.m.

    Making Consciousness Cool
    Julia Butterfly Hill, environmental activist; founder,
    Circle of Life Foundation

    An Adventure for your Imagination
    pull something out of the waste stream and turn it into something of value. Find anything that has been "tossed" into your home trash container, the office waste bin, a dumpster at a construction site … wherever you find trash. Then, take these trash pieces/parts/duplicates—whatever moves you—and create an object of function, beauty, humor, or maybe a piece of art. Don't worry about limitations to the size or shape of your new object.

    Then, come to EnvironDesign9, where these newly created treasures will be displayed. A team of jurors will select the most imaginative entries, and they and their creators will be photographed and acknowledged in the July/August 2005 issue of Interiors & Sources magazine. A silent auction of these treasures will be held during EnvironDesign, with proceeds going to the Earth Pledge Foundation to assist in
    its efforts to identify and promote innovative techniques and technologies that restore the balance between human and natural systems.

    Recipients will be awarded in four categories of competition: Best of Show, Funky Trash, Classy Trash and Treasured Trash. In addition, a "Peoples Choice" award will be determined by a popular vote.

    To learn more about how you can be a part of this adventure in imagination, visit for more information.

    Creating New Networks of Collaboration

    New to EnvironDesign9 is the introduction of facilitated, interactive roundtable discussions called "Conversations that Matter," which will be held after each morning's keynote presentation. These roundtable discussions are designed to enable attendees to learn how to take the information and insights offered by EnvironDesign9's impassioned keynote speakers and apply these tenets to their own lives. By creating networks of collaboration and shared knowledge and experience, each "Conversations that Matter" will enable attendees to see new ways of making a difference in their lives and in their work—and thus empowering them to better fulfill their dreams and shape their destinies.
    Topics for discussion include:

    "The Value of Values"
    Thursday, April 22
    9:30—10:45 a.m.

    "Challenging Conventional Wisdom"
    Friday, April 22
    9:30—10:45 a.m.

    Eight concurrent discussion groups will be held according to professional designation: architiects, interior designers, industrial designers, educatiors, manufacturers, environmental managers/executives, facility/real estate managers and students. Discussions will be patterned after The World Cafe concept (


    The post-conference site tours held each year during the annual EnvironDesign conference provide an appealing opportunity to see firsthand some of the most exciting and advanced practices in green design and building practices.
    The three tours scheduled for Saturday, April 23, at EnvironDesign9 in New York City are no exceptions. Each provides a great opportunity to explore some of the city's most stellar examples of green building and urban design. Detailed information on each tour is available on the EnvironDesign Web site at Please note: Space is limited and
    available on a first-come, first-served basis, so be sure to register early to guarantee a spot for your desired tour.


    Saturday, April 23
    9 a.m. to noon

    Explore some of New York's most innovative green rooftops during
    this three-hour tour, conducted by representatives of Earth Pledge's Green Roof Initiative. Green roofs provide a sensible, beautiful and architecturally appealing way to address some of the most urgent
    ecological issues facing urban centers today. This tour illustrates
    firsthand how appealing and relevant green rooftops are helping to solve some unique environmental problems.

    Saturday, April 23
    9 a.m. to noon

    Begin the day at Kiss + Cathcart Architects' office in downtown Brooklyn, overlooking Lower Manhattan and New York Harbor,
    where architects will give a brief presentation of their work addressing environmentally positive architecture and productive buildings of various types, including

    housing, public buildings and industrial
    buildings. Afterward, travel to Coney Island by sustainable mass transit to visit the Stillwell Terminal Train Shed, a 200-kilowatt solar installation designed by Kiss + Cathcart that features solar modules that function both as power source and enclosure. The installation is one of the largest of its kind in the world, and showcases New York City Transit's commitment to environmentally sustainable design.

    Saturday, April 23
    9 a.m. to noon

    Spend the morning exploring this 27-story, glass-and-brick residential tower in Battery Park City, directly adjacent to the site of the former World Trade Center, which meets both the recently enacted New York State Green Building Tax Credit and Gold LEED certification. Cesar Pelli & Associates Architects designed the 357,000-square-foot, 293-unit building to consume 35 percent less energy, reduce peak demand for electricity by 65 percent, require 50 percent less potable water and provide a healthy indoor environment. This stunning design was selected as one of the Top 10 Green Projects by the AIA in 2004.